Two Goats & Two Doves
Part 1: The Sacrifice of Two Goats
Part 2: Bible Types of the Two Goats
Part 3: The Sacrifice of Two Doves
Part 4: Dove Leaves the Ark Three Times
This is what I hear. The Bible Concepts’ Lessons are to be broad overviews. They are to help believers to see the “big picture.” As such, they are not designed to go into detailed explanations.
Rather they will raise questions to prompt us to cry out to have eyes to see the Word and to cry out to have ears to hear the Spirit. Their purpose is to provide a solid Biblical foundation for leading a people into what the Spirit is unfolding in this hour. This hour, time, is the ending of one age and the beginning of another, the age of His Kingdom.
God’s work is a progressive revealing of His plan. His plan was stated from the beginning. He wants a man in His image, in His very nature, one with Him. a man multiplied to cover the earth. God wants to dwell within this “plurality man,” individually and as one.
He wants to have this “man” (male and female together), rule all of creation. With all creation receiving the Light of His Love, being filled with Him. Revealing His plan is the revealing of His Son, and the revealing of His Son is the revealing of His plan.
This “man” is first to be like a Bride to Him. Submissive, yielding, obeying, seeking His will, and His pleasure as her delight. She will know His will because she will have His mind. And so she will know His nature.
His nature is displayed in His Word (Law). This woman will have His Word in her mind, (the mind of Christ), and in her heart. As such she has received His seed (Word) and it has changed her within.
It has birthed from within a Son in His image. This Son is the Promised Seed. This Seed, this Son will manifest His nature. It will be heaven, the divine realm, seen in the realm of earth.
This “Son” is many, (His Body), but with one Head. That Head is Jesus Christ. He will always be first. He will always be distinguished as preeminent.
He is the first of many to follow. His Body, (the overcomers), will take part in the “first” resurrection. They will rule and reign with Christ over all creation. Together, (Head and Body), they are the “new creation man” that is expressly in the image of God. This lesson brings clarity to the work of His life in such people.
Footnotes will be found on the last page of the Part that the superscript is in.
[Bracketed words] within verses are my comments inserted to add clarity. Some words are CAPITALIZED in the verses for emphasis.
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Beginning of Lesson Nine
Part 1: The Sacrifice of Two Goats
There are two approaches to the truth, the natural way, and the spiritual way. The basic difference is the way of man or the way of Christ. Only through Christ can we enter into the presence and the fullness and the life of the Father. The other way seems right but can only end in death, (Proverbs 14:12 and 16:25).
This was the mistake of two of Aaron’s sons that cost them their lives, (Leviticus 10:1-2). Like Cain, they burned the wrong kind of fire, meaning their type of sacrifice, their way to approach God was totally unacceptable. This is what Isaiah 50:11 (NLT) says:
“But watch out, you who live in your own light and warm yourselves by your own fires. This is the reward you will receive from me: You will soon fall down in great torment.”
The Lord re-emphasized the correct way to grow in truth and righteousness right after Aaron’s two sons died. He did it by introducing the sacrifice of the two goats. This is the correct way, explained in detail, and also prophetic of the two works of Christ.
“Take the two male goats and present them to the LORD at the entrance of the Tabernacle. He [Aaron the High Priest] is to cast sacred lots to determine WHICH GOAT WILL BE RESERVED AS AN [sin] OFFERING TO THE LORD [1st goat] AND WHICH WILL CARRY THE SINS OF THE PEOPLE[2nd goat] TO THE WILDERNESS OF AZAZEL1 [THE DEVIL]. Aaron will then present as a sin offering the goat chosen by lot for the LORD. The other goat, the scapegoat chosen [to escape death] by lot to be sent [led] away [by a fit man], will be kept alive… When it is sent away to Azazel in the wilderness [“a place of separation” in YLT, then in the Smith & Goodspeed Translation as, “the goat shall carry all their iniquities away with it into a desolate region; and [then] he shall set the goat free…”, [it is there in the wilderness trials that] the people will [then] be purified and made right with the LORD.” – Leviticus 16 (NLT)
This diagram below helps to visualize what is happening here. The 1st goat is slain and its blood atones for the sins of the people. This sin offering is on the Day of Atonement, (10th day of the 7th month which is the 2nd of the four major feast days of Tabernacles). Atonement does NOT mean “at-one-ment.”
The Hebrew word means “cover.” This 1st goat covers the sins of the people by giving his life. This is the first work of Christ.
The 2nd goat represents the people and removes the sins. This is the second work of Christ. The people were not set free until the second work was finished.
The Devil has no power over this 2nd goat because it is covered by the death of the 1st goat. This 2nd goat however must endure a journey and a process of testing to prove that it is covered. Then, it leaves the sins there, also proving that the accuser is a false prophet.
The goat is then set free! Free from testing, free to return, as a “different” goat. Note from the verse above that it takes the work of BOTH goats before the people are purified and made right with the Lord. How do we further know that this is the message of the two goats?
Anything that we know by the Spirit is always confirmed by the Word. The Spirit gives us the hidden manna in the Word. By the Spirit, we see things not seen with natural understanding.
The part of the Word that confirms this message of the two goats is seen in the Baptism of Jesus. He is the pattern, Son. He is the fulfillment of the Word. He is the fulfillment of the two goats as shown below.
Baptism is a type of death, (Romans 6:3-12). Jesus did not shed blood at His water baptism. But blood is a type of life. The life that He shed is that of the first Adam.
He died to eat from the Tree of Knowledge. It was prophetic fulfillment of the 1st goat for all to see. He was about to show mankind a better way, to provide a better way, to be that better way once he returned from the Wilderness as a prophetic fulfillment of the 2nd goat. Here’s a closer look at what happened when Jesus was baptized:
Baptism of Jesus
Jesus fulfilled the role of both goats. God did not send His Spirit into Jesus because of Jesus being “His Beloved Son.” Rather, His Beloved Son is the man who is dead to the 1st Adam and receives God’s Spirit.
Jesus fulfilled the role of both goats in His baptism with water, His baptism with the Holy Spirit, and His baptism with fire confronting the Devil. In all of this, He fulfilled the role of both goats as part of His walk. It takes both goats to fully purify.
It took both goats to prepare Jesus as a perfect sacrificial Passover goat/lamb. Once done, then, His resurrection, ascension, and sending of the Holy Spirit could be done for us. In this Jesus fulfilled the role of the first goat at a higher level for us. He returned from the wilderness in the power of God over this earthly realm to minister the life of the Father to us.
“I indeed baptize you in (with) water because of repentance [“as a sign of your repentance” in the JB Phillips Translation, & “to picture your repentance” in Williams] – that is, because of your changing your minds[carnal mind to the mind of Christ] for the better [since you desire to go God’s way as shown by], heartily amending your ways [the ways of Adam] with abhorrence of your past sins, but He Who is coming after me is mightier than I… HE WILL BAPTIZE YOU WITH THE HOLY SPIRIT AND WITH FIRE.” – Matthew 3:11 The Amplified Bible
Immediately after the baptism, the Spirit of God descended upon Jesus in the form of a dove. He was then identified as the Promised Seed, the “Beloved Son” of God. This shows that the sacrifice of the first goat is accepted.
Then, as the second goat, He was led by the Spirit of God into the wilderness to be tested by the Devil, (Matthew 3:16-17). The Devil found nothing in Him to work with. The passing of this test proved that He indeed was covered by the Spirit of God.
He emerged as a true mature son in the image of His Father. He was as a lamb (or goat) without blemish. It was then that He returned in the power of the Father. His returning in power over sin was to minister the life of the Father to others. It reveals the purpose of the journey and testing of the second goat.
At the end of 42 months of ministering, Jesus went to the cross. Right before His crucifixion, He had a transfiguration experience, and heard the Father once again proclaim, “This is my beloved Son in whom I am well pleased.” This time, at the cross, He was as the 1st goat so that WE may be covered from the penalty of sin, receive the Holy Spirit, and be led into victory over the power of sin as the 2nd goat. Now, we see this illustrated:
Crucifixion of Jesus
Jesus fulfilled the role of the 1st goat so that He in us could then fulfill the role of the 2nd goat. Only the Father can draw us to Jesus, our High Priest (John 6:44) to the place of receiving His atonement to cover our sins. Covering our sins makes us free from the penalty of sin.
We are then able to be baptized with the Holy Spirit to be taken by the fit man into a wilderness journey, then be baptized with fire. Which is the wilderness journey to have the sin nature removed. Here is a more detailed diagram of our role:
Our Role with Both Goats
Jesus fulfills the role of both goats for us,1st in Him, then 2nd in us. Each goat represents a work of Christ. We tend to see the two goats as “Jesus died and we go free.” But free from what?
We are covered from the penalty of sin. That is the work of the first goat. But have we ever noticed that after accepting Jesus as Savior we could still give way to the Adamic flesh nature?
It is evident that there is a need to remove sin from our nature to also be free from the power of sin. This is further work. That is the work of the second goat, a prophetic type of the second work of Jesus Christ.
To have sins removed we must be found in Christ, in His nature. Being found in Christ grows as we are led by His Spirit through wilderness dealings in this world. In those dealings, we apprehend the life of Christ.
We do not change our ways in our strength. As we walk in Word and Spirit, His life comes forth. Then, old things pass away. Death is swallowed up by life.
It is all His grace which we begin to appropriate by faith. We apprehend that for which we were apprehended. Only the overcomers hear the call for this journey.
Part 2: Bible Types of the Two Goats
We saw that Jesus represents the two goats. His first work enables us to be covered from the penalty of sin and to be filled with the Holy Spirit. His first work enables us to be led by the Holy Spirit and to fall along the way and still be able to rise again.
It happens until we are weak in ourselves. Then, we are strong in Him. We walk out our salvation as we are led by a man into the wilderness. In this, we are in the role of the 2nd goat.
“He [the high priest] shall lay all their sins upon the head of the goat and send it into the desert, led by a man [“fit man” in YLT]. So the goat shall carry all the sins of the people into a [desolate] land…, and [after its journey and testings] the man shall let it loose in the wilderness [to return].” – Leviticus 16:21-22 The Living Bible
We see this type in Jacob’s life. He too could “die” to his old nature by faith in the covering of the coming Redeemer, as did Job, (Job 19:25). Jacob received the Holy Spirit in Bethel when he saw (in the Spirit) the heavens opened to Him.
Then, he could learn to live in the Spirit through his wilderness testings. It took a lifetime, but he trusted God through His trials. A new nature emerged and it was signified by a change in name.
Jacob’s life, struggles, and name change also represent the two goats. His life was prophetic of Jesus coming to fulfill the role of both goats. Here is further indication that Jacob’s life represented the two goats. It comes from the Concordant Literal Translation, which speaks of each goat as “the hairy goat.”
When Jacob deceived his father to get the blessing, he was covered by the skin of a hairy goat. He was sent immediately into the wilderness. When he returned, his walk was different and his name had changed to “Israel.”
The Concordant Literal Translation calls the wilderness destiny of the second goat as “an inaccessible land.” In other words, “you can’t get there from here.” That is, unless “the man,” (the Holy Spirit), takes you there.
In other translations, it is “ an uninhabited place” or a “desolate place.” There is no one else there. You have a particular race, (Hebrews 12:1 TLB), and no one else can run it for you.
You must hear His voice and know His voice and not know the voice of a stranger. You must trust Him and move on in faith by His grace. But keep moving as He leads!
Jacob was as good as dead when he stole the birthright, then the blessing, from his brother Esau. His life as he knew it was over. He immediately fled into the wilderness. He was tested over and over again through the years.
Eventually, his struggle with the Lord ended in a new way of walking for him. By faith in the future covering work of his Redeemer he persisted. As a result, his nature had changed.
He returned not as “Jacob,” but as “Israel.” In Hebrew “Israel” means “he will rule as God” [from Strong’s Concordance, Hebrew word 3478]. The name is prophetic that God will have a people that He will inhabit and rule through.
These people will be birthed into His image. They will be resurrected to rule with Christ the Head. They are Christ the Body.
The seed of His incorruptible life is within those who receive the atonement of Jesus Christ. The Word is the seed that grows as we walk in the Spirit as we move from Passover to Pentecost to Tabernacles. It is there that we become the Tabernacle, the Temple, the House that God will fully inhabit in Spirit, Soul, and Body. It is there in the Tabernacles experience that the incorruptible seed of Christ within comes into maturity from Court to Holy Place to the Holiest Place. 4
Jesus is our forerunner as shown in the next verse. A forerunner goes before you. He fulfilled the sacrifice of the two goats at His baptism. That was the beginning of His race.
It was then repeated and confirmed at the end of His 42-month race with His death at the cross. Note also that the 42nd encampment in the wilderness journey was the first one in the Promised Land, (Numbers 33). This was the 1st goat work of covering sin for others. It included His death, resurrection, ascension, and return in the power of the Holy Spirit to indwell a people at Pentecost.
The 2nd goat, now representing the people, can then be led by His Spirit. It is where the 2nd goat work of having the power of sin removed begins. We are then able to go where He leads to see His life come forth in us.
“To lay hold of the hope set before us entering into what is within the veil [that separates us from the presence of the Father]; as FORERUNNER JESUS ENTERED FOR US, [Williams reads as “WHERE JESUS HAS BLAZED THE WAY FOR US”], having become a high priest over the order of Melchizedek.” – Hebrews 6:18-20 Panin’s Numeric New Testament
Now, we look at examples where Jesus is in the role of the 1st goat and someone else is in the role of the second goat.
Barabbas was a prisoner who was set free. He was set free because Jesus took his place. The consequence of the sins of Barabbas was covered by the atonement of Jesus.
Barabbas then could stand in faith on that sacrifice to have his sinful nature removed as well. He was no longer a prisoner to the penalty of sin. Barabbas then had a choice on which path to take. He could now have the potential to draw life from a different source, a different tree. This is what the following verse means.
“For if, when we were enemies, we were RECONCILED TO GOD BY THE DEATH OF HIS SON, [the first work represented by the first goat], much more, being reconciled, WE SHALL BE SAVED BY HIS LIFE [“in his life” in YLT] [This is the second work of Jesus Christ as represented by the second goat]. And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.” – Romans 5:10-11 (KJV)
Notice the distinction between “being reconciled by His death” and “being saved in His life.” The first work covers all men from the penalty of sin. The first work is a free gift. It is a free gift of reconciliation (the beginning of one’s salvation walk) and the free gift of the baptism in the Holy Spirit.
The second work however is a fight in faith. We are delivered from the power of sin by yielding to His life from within. As His life grows within, we come into the full stature of Christ. It is Christ in us that is our hope of glory.
It is the hope of returning from our earthly journey with resurrected bodies to rule and reign with Him. This is the “first” resurrection. It is specifically promised to the overcomers, not to the whole church. This is clear in the verses shown here and also in Luke 20:34-38.
“TO HIM WHO OVERCOMES and does my will to the end [keeps following the leading of the His Spirit], I will give authority over the nations.” – Revelation 2:26 (NIV)
“HE WHO IS OVERCOMING [continuing the process of moving on into the full stature of Christ]—I will give to him to sit with me in my throne, as I also did overcome and did sit down with my Father in His throne.” – Revelation 3:21 Young’s Literal Translation
Understanding these two works of Christ will help us to understand many verses that otherwise seem to contradict. Realize too that His first work was NOT finished at the cross. In John 19:30, His cry of “it is finished” reads as “it is accomplished” in the Concordant Literal New Testament. It reads as “it is fulfilled” in George Lamsa’s Eastern Text from the Aramaic.
What was fulfilled was the prophecy of His death as the Passover Lamb. This first work was meaningless however until there was a resurrection. The resurrection itself was without completion until the ascension. The ascension was without completion until His Spirit could then return to dwell inside a people.
This is why he went to the cross, (John 16:7). This return to dwell within a people began on Pentecost. All of this together is the atonement, the covering to equip us to walk by His Spirit. This is the first work of Jesus Christ the Head.
It is for the purpose of moving on into the second work that the Body of Christ may come forth and return in His power. The prophetic pattern of the two works of Christ as seen in the sacrifice of the two goats comes early in the Word. We see it first with Cain and Abel.
Both Abel and Isaac looked to the “Lamb of God” as the acceptable sacrifice. This is explained in Hebrews 11. They understood that the Lamb would be the “Promised Seed,” the Son of God. They had faith in being covered by the blood of the Lamb, a coming Redeemer. Their faith in this Lamb cost them dearly.
Abel had a conflict with Cain. Isaac had a conflict with Ishmael. In each case, there was a brother who was sent away into the wilderness.
Those sent away would be tested. They carry sins. They are in trouble unless the sins are covered. Notice that with both brothers there is a separation. The “good” is slain while the “evil” is sent away.
Isaac was not killed physically. If the brothers had not separated it appeared that Ishmael would kill him. But it was actually God that directed Isaac’s father to kill him. He came close to killing Isaac, then a male sheep was killed in Isaac’s place.
When we first receive the Word, our eyes are opened to the truth. We start to see that we must be separated from evil. In baby steps, we separate from evil behavior and situations as best we can.
Then, we realize that the evil is within. We cannot change our ways except by grace through faith in the Lamb. Note that several Hebrew words for “lamb” also mean “young goat.”
We must be covered by His atonement before sins can be removed. The removal of sinful nature, however, comes by a walk in the life of Christ. In following Him, our Adamic nature suffers. This is how Jesus learned obedience, (Hebrews 2:10 and 5:8). This happens to us as well, (Philippians 3:10).
We are not overwhelmed by these sufferings, for we so enjoy the new abundant life within, (Romans 8:18). We desire the fruit of the Holy Spirit to be abundant in our lives. We do not want to spend our lives in vanity. We want His purposes worked in and through us. We gain more understanding of these two works of Christ in the next section.
Part 3: The Sacrifice of Two Doves
Just two chapters before the sacrifice of the two goats we read of the sacrifice of the two doves. Together they shine a brighter light to see more truth. With the two doves, the sacrifice is for the cleansing of leprosy. Leprosy speaks of death…the mortality of man.
“This shall be the law of the leper in the day of his cleansing: He shall be brought unto the priest and the priest…seeing [confirms] that the plague of leprosy is healed in the leper, shall command to take for the one that is to be purified two birds, alive and clean, and cedarwood and scarlet [string] and hyssop; and the priest shall command that one of the birds be KILLED IN AN EARTHEN VESSEL upon LIVING WATER; then he shall take the living bird and the cedarwood, and the scarlet [string] and the hyssop and shall DIP THEM AND THE LIVING BIRD IN THE BLOOD OF THE BIRD THAT WAS KILLED OVER THE LIVING WATER and he shall sprinkle upon the one that is to be purified from leprosy SEVEN TIMES and shall pronounce him clean and shall let the living bird loose into the open field.” – Leviticus 14:2-7 Jubilee Bible Version
The first dove is killed. Its blood is mixed with water. The second dove is tied up along with a plant to a stick. It is dipped into this blood and water. The blood and water that is now on the second dove are sprinkled onto the leper seven times. The leper is then pronounced clean and the second dove is released.
This sacrifice deals with leprosy, which represents a slow death. The wages of sin is death. This is the problem of man’s mortality, sin within.
Like with the goats, we see here that the blood covering of Jesus Christ sets us free from the law of sin and death, (Romans 8:2). We are covered from the penalty of sin because we are covered by the blood of Jesus Christ. This is the work of the first dove just as it is of the first goat.
It is the first work of Christ. It is a work of death, of atonement by death. The second work is a work of life. We will focus on this second work as seen in the second dove and the second goat.
The first dove represents Christ Jesus the Head. The second dove represents Christ the Body. How is that so?
Jesus Christ the Head is the first new creation man that God has fully inhabited. He is the “pattern Son” for us to follow. An excellent study of this is Bill Britton’s, “Jesus the Pattern Son” from The Lighthouse Library.
The Body of Christ has gone through a baptism of Water and Spirit, but we have not yet received the fullness of our inheritance, the resurrection of our bodies. We groan until then. We are as the goat sent on a long journey into the wilderness, being tested each day.
Likely, it was a seven-day journey. We are as a bound dove dipped in His covering work of Blood and Spirit. We walk in His imputed righteousness during this process of letting His overcoming life come forth.
As we are tested we learn to hear His voice and walk in His Spirit. Until when? Until we no longer move in the letter of the Law (the realm of “good & evil” of the natural man), but in the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus.
The Law, (Word without the Spirit) is the power of sin, (1 Corinthians 15:56). As the mind of Christ grows in us we find the power of sin starts to lose its grip, (Romans 7:25). But as we grow into full stature our testings also grow and vary.
We need the fresh anointing of His Holy Spirit at each milestone of the journey. The words and ways of the past are not enough to overcome the trials of today. We need to hear His voice. We need to have the seal of the Father on our forehead, with Him foremost in our thoughts.
When we are in Christ then the sinful nature has no power over us, (Romans 7:25 in TLB). As we grow in His mind and nature, we discover that we gain power over the sinful nature. This growth is a process by grace through faith. It is the walk of an overcomer.
One tree within us, (carnal mind), is dying. The other tree, (the mind of Christ), is growing. We grow from faith to greater faith as His life, (the Promised Seed), is revealed in us, (Romans 1:17). Below is a more complete diagram of the sacrifice of the two doves.
Jesus Christ was in an earthen vessel of mortal man. He was of the seed of His heavenly Father, incorruptible. But He was in the body of a man so He was mortal.
As a mortal, His flesh and blood body was subject to death. Being of incorruptible nature, His soul had no foothold for Satan. So death could not hold Him.
He was as a dove, (Spirit of God), in an earthen vessel. For His blood to cover the other dove, (us), His body had to die, (earthen vessel be broken). The second dove was covered in blood and living water, the Word of Life, and the Spirit of Life.
The second dove could then go free but not before it was dipped seven times. Each time represents His life coming forth in greater measure between eight milestones in the journey. We need a closer walk by His Spirit as we journey on.
Those of us who are called to be overcomers are the ones who will journey through seven steps of growth in Christ until death itself, (the carnal mind from Romans 8:6), is conquered. The sin nature is removed. Then, we will have reached the eighth milestone, resurrection.
Later in this chapter, there is also a sprinkling of oil upon the cleansed leper if he followed on to do certain things. The blood speaks of the Passover experience of being covered by the blood of the Lamb. The living water speaks of the Pentecostal experience of being baptized in the Holy Spirit.
Then, like the second goat, he may go on into the wilderness to grow in Christ through testings and thus, in His life, to have power over sin. The oil speaks of the Tabernacles experience of returning from the desert in the power of the Spirit and in the immortality of the resurrected Christ Jesus. We come out of Egypt, (a type of the world) in Passover.
We live in the Wilderness, (a type of being in Pentecost, being led by the fit man). Finally, we enter into the Promised Land, a type of Tabernacle, as a nation (kingdom) of people in the fullness of the power and love of God. Being His temple, His tabernacle, His dwelling place, and resurrected as His Body.
“Remember how the LORD your GOD LED YOU THROUGH THE WILDERNESS for these forty years [a life-time], humbling you and TESTING YOU TO PROVE [DEVELOP] YOUR CHARACTER, and TO FIND OUT WHETHER OR NOT YOU WOULD OBEY HIS COMMANDS [WHICH TREE YOU WOULD FEED FROM].
Yes, he humbled you by letting you go hungry and then feeding you with manna, [the Word of life from heaven…from the tree of life], a food previously unknown to you and your ancestors. He did it to teach you that people do not live by bread alone, [made with the leaven of our works & our fires]; rather, we live by every word that comes from the mouth of the LORD, [His direction & ways, which are not ours]. – Deuteronomy 8:2-3 (NLT)
We have already seen how Jesus fulfilled the type of the two goats. It is shown again below. We also see that because He fulfilled this we can follow.
Because of the sacrifice of the Lamb, (1st Goat), we as the 2nd Goat can be covered by His blood to be free from the penalty of sin. This enables us to move on into spiritual maturity by enabling us to receive His Spirit, then to be tested in the wilderness of the world. We soon learn that we cannot have victory over sin apart from the power of His Spirit working in us.
By grace, He has given us His Spirit. By faith, we appropriate this grace into a new walk. We keep falling, but we keep getting up and moving on. We learn to hear His voice and walk in His ways.
In time His overcoming life rises up within us. It gradually becomes the default. Eventually, we become the “new man,” the “new creation in Christ,” the “new us.”
“Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; old things have passed away; behold, all things have become new.” – 2 Corinthians 5:17 New King James Version
Jesus returned from the desert after being tested. He consistently moved with the power of God in the fullness of the Holy Spirit. We are not yet in that fullness of His power.
We would expect from His example that there would be a record of the 2nd goat and the live dove returning in victory. It is in fact there but seen with a similar example of the two doves. In Part 4, we will overlay the two types with another to get a bigger picture.
Part 4: Dove Leaves the Ark Three Times
Here, we take a closer look at the pattern of the two doves and the two goats by overlaying a 3rd pattern seen in the prophetic type of Noah sending out a dove 3 times. Noah’s ark was a type of where God dwells, as was the Ark of the Covenant in the Tabernacle. The dove is a type of the Spirit of God as seen at Pentecost.
Noah sent a dove from the ark three times. The first time the dove returned to the ark (Genesis 8:8). The first time the Spirit of God was offered to a people was at Mount Sinai right after the Exodus from Egypt, 50 days after the 1st day of the week following the Passover. But the people rejected this hearing relationship with God.
They wanted to follow a man. They wanted an external government. So they got a marriage by Law and not by Spirit. The dove, (Spirit), returned to the ark, (Father). The marriage was thus doomed to fail and it did.
After seven days, Noah sent the dove from the ark a second time (Genesis 8:10). The dove again returned to the ark. This time, the dove returned at the time of the evening.
The dove had an olive leaf in its mouth. This was prophetic of the dove landing on Jesus at His Baptism, then, returning to the Father at His ascension. The olive leaf represents the first of many sons to follow. A promise of more fruit to the Father that will be harvested someday.
After seven more days, Noah sent the dove from the ark a third time (Genesis 8:12). This time, it “turned back no more.” This time, it found rest for the sole of its feet. Where? In the 120 in the upper room on the day of Pentecost soon after the ascension.
“But you will receive [a downpayment of] power [of God and over sin] when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will [then “return” to] be my witnesses in Jerusalem, & in all Judea & Samaria, & to the ends of the earth [which is the field that the dove is let loosed into, from Matthew 13:38].”
– Acts 1:8 (NIV)
Here is the message. None apart from Christ can receive His Spirit as seen in the first sending of the dove. All others are unclean.
They are all dead in sin. But this changes once there is atonement by the shed blood of the righteous. Then, the people are covered from the penalty of sin and can be joined to the fit man, (Holy Spirit), to go on to be perfected. We learned this through the sacrifice of two goats, and also of the two doves.
It is through His death, resurrection, and ascension that we can be covered from the penalty of sin and receive His Holy Spirit. By receiving the atoning work of Jesus Christ, we are a clean place for the dove to rest the sole of her feet. Now in Noah’s example, we understand that the second sending of the dove is the first work of Christ. Atonement, so that this dove, (His Spirit), may be in a people (the start of the 2nd work) who will, after seven days of confinement, fly into the world (the ending of the 2nd work). But there is much more to see here.
This third sending of the dove is also the beginning AND the ending of the 2nd work of Christ. After seven days of confinement, this dove flies into the world. This dove returns to bring life to the world beginning with the 120 in the Upper Room but also continuing to us today. Yet, this is just a foretaste of the return of Christ, Head, and Body fully joined. This dove confirms that the 2nd goat will someday return from the wilderness (trials) that bring us to full union with Christ Jesus our Head.
Now let’s step back some and try to see it all in perspective. A pattern begins to show. Still, there are more pieces of the puzzle to be found. We will explain what we see so far, then go for more.
In Exodus 19, we see the Lord descend as a fire in a cloud. But the people of Israel withdrew. Instead of a spiritual relationship, they wanted communication through a man.
The Spirit was rejected. The people instead settled for an external set of rules. They received the Law but not the Spirit by which to fulfill it.
The Spirit returned to the divine realm of the Father. The Lord Himself would not be leading them. He sent an angel instead. The prophetic type for this was seen in the dove returning to the Ark the first time.
In the sacrifice of the two doves, the second dove was let loose into the open field. The disciples were told to not go out into the world (field/wilderness) until the Holy Spirit came to lead them. This time it would be a leading not by a man and not by an angel, but by the Lord Himself from within. His Spirit is the fit man.
“Then, the Lord said to Moses, “Depart and go up from here, you and the people whom you have brought out of the land of Egypt, to the land of which I swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, ‘To your descendants, I will give it. And I WILL SEND MY ANGEL BEFORE YOU, and I will drive out the Canaanite and the Amorite and the Hittite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite. Go up to a land flowing with milk and honey; FOR I WILL NOT GO UP IN YOUR MIDST, lest I consume you on the way, for you are a stiff-necked people.” – Exodus 33:1-3 (NKJV)
When this same dove was sent from the ark the second time it came back to the ark with an olive leaf in its mouth. This was prophetic of the Holy Spirit landing upon Jesus and then returning to the Father at the ascension with this firstfruit new creation man. There was just one leaf, but the promise of many more to follow, (Colossians 1:18).
Jesus was born of the seed of the Father. He was a clean place for the Spirit to land as it did at His baptism. When Jesus ascended he went to abide at the right hand of the throne of the Father, (Hebrews 8:1). This was prophetic of the blood of the Lamb (first goat & Passover) being taken to the Mercy Seat (throne) of the Ark of the Tabernacle.
It was this death with shed blood that allowed the people to have their sins covered by atonement. The people were then clean and could receive the Spirit too, which they did on the day of Pentecost just 50 days after the ascension. Although just a foretaste, the Spirit has continued to remain upon the earth with those who receive the first work of Christ.
The Holy Spirit then leads these people, us, through the wilderness of this world to prove them to develop their character into the nature and mind of Christ. It is the process of coming into full stature. Moving toward the 8th milestone, resurrection in His image.
“DO NOT LEAVE JERUSALEM UNTIL THE FATHER SENDS you the gift he promised, as I told you before. John baptized with water, but in just a few days you will be baptized with THE HOLY SPIRIT.” – Acts 1:4-5 (NLT)
This brings us to look into the journey of the second goat and of the live dove and of the second work of Christ, a work of life. But first, we need to understand another concept. Our next Lesson builds that understanding upon the foundation presented so far. To be continued…
Eric and Mary Ellis
PO Box 400
Easton, ME 04740